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Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) drinking preferences: do nipple drinkers compensate for behaviourally deficient diets?

Authors
  • Balsiger, A1
  • Clauss, M1
  • Liesegang, A2
  • Dobenecker, B3
  • Hatt, J-M1
  • 1 Clinic for Zoo Animals, Wildlife and Exotics Pets, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 2 Institute of Animal Nutrition, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 3 Chair of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Oberschleissheim, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2017
Volume
101
Issue
5
Pages
1046–1056
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/jpn.12549
PMID: 27450280
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

When offered diets with hay ad libitum, rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) clearly prefer open dishes over nipple drinkers, but whether this preference also applies in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) is unsure. We tested the drinker preference of 10 guinea pigs when offered open dishes (OD) and nipple drinkers (ND) simultaneously and measured the amount of water consumed by each animal on four different diets (grass hay 100%, or as 10% of intake on diets of fresh parsley, seed mix or pelleted complete feed, respectively) on either of the drinking systems. All animals ingested the hay portion of the combined diets first. The amount of water consumed differed significantly between individual animals. Animals drank less water on parsley than on the other diets. Nine of 10 animals clearly preferred ND when having a choice, and eight of these drank more when on ND only. The difference between the drinking systems was not consistent across all diets: on hay, similar amounts of water were drunk when on OD or ND only. Differences in water intake were reflected in urine production. Because drinking from ND in guinea pigs involves jaw movements similar to those in chewing, the results could suggest that when motivation for oral processing behaviour is not satisfied by a diet, animals may respond in using ND beyond physiological water necessity. Whereas physiological water requirements are probably better investigated with other drinking systems due to a possible overestimation when using ND, offering ND to pet guinea pigs most likely offers a form of behavioural enrichment that at the same time may increase water intake and hence act as prophylaxis against urolithiasis.

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