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Guanidinoacetic acid supplementation in broiler chickens fed on corn-soybean diets affects performance in the finisher period and energy metabolites in breast muscle independent of diet nutrient density.

Authors
  • Majdeddin, M1, 2
  • Golian, A1
  • Kermanshahi, H1
  • De Smet, S2
  • Michiels, J2
  • 1 a Centre of Excellence, Animal Science Department , Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , Mashhad , Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 b Laboratory for Animal Nutrition and Animal Product Quality, Department of Animal Sciences and Aquatic Ecology , Ghent University , Gent , Belgium. , (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
British Poultry Science
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2018
Volume
59
Issue
4
Pages
443–451
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00071668.2018.1476678
PMID: 29756995
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

(1) Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is the single immediate endogenous precursor of creatine (Cr). It was hypothesised that dietary GAA would have different effects on performance and energy metabolites in breast muscle depending on the nutrient density (ND) of corn-soybean-based diets. (2) A total of 540 one-day-old male Ross 308 broilers were allocated to 9 dietary treatments with 6 replicates (10 birds each) in a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement with three levels of ND (low, 2800; medium, 2950 and high, 3100 kcal metabolizable energy (ME)/kg; and with the other nutrients being constant relative to ME) and supplemented with three levels of GAA (0, 0.6 and 1.2 g/kg) in a 42-d feeding trial. (3) In the starter and grower periods, increasing levels of ND improved body weight (BW), average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), with the exception of ADFI in the starter period. GAA supplementation did not affect performance characteristics. All performance indicators responded markedly to increasing ND in the finisher period, whereas the highest GAA level reduced ADFI compared to the unsupplemented control (156 vs. 162 g/d) and concomitantly FCR (1.81 vs. 1.93). No interactive effects were noted for any performance trait. The high ND diet resulted in more breast meat yield on d42, associated with higher fat content and darker colour compared to the other ND levels. The GAA supplementation did not affect carcass and breast traits. At the end of the experiment, Cr was elevated when feeding GAA at 1.2 g/kg (5455 vs. 4338 mg/kg fresh muscle). (4) To conclude, ND had a substantial effect on performance and carcass traits, whereas any effect of GAA was limited to FCR in the finisher period and independent of diet ND level.

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