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Growth regulation of LLC-PK1 cells: lack of effect of Na(+)-loading.

Authors
  • Ostlund, E
  • Larsson, S H
  • Wroblewski, R
  • Wroblewski, J
  • Aperia, A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta physiologica Scandinavica
Publication Date
May 01, 1993
Volume
148
Issue
1
Pages
77–83
Identifiers
PMID: 8392777
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To gain more information about the growth regulation of renal epithelial cells, we examined the growth stimulatory effect of serum and intracellular sodium in the renal epithelial cell line, LLC-PK1. In subconfluent LLC-PK1 cells serum-starved for 5 days and exposed to [3H]thymidine for 24 h, 22.9% of the cells synthesized DNA. Stimulation with 10% foetal calf serum (FCS) caused an almost three-fold increase in the fraction of labelled nuclei (62.2%). Serum-starved LLC-PK1 cells exposed to 10% FCS responded with an increased abundance of c-jun transcripts. The maximal expression of the c-jun transcripts occurred at 60 min and declined 120 min after serum stimulation. It has been suggested that an increase in Na+ influx plays a role in the growth regulation of renal epithelial cells. This prompted us to study the effect of intracellular Na+ loading on the growth response of LLC-PK1 cells. Serum-starved LLC-PK1 cells were incubated in a low K+ medium or exposed to Nystatin. Incubation in a low K+ medium or with Nystatin resulted in a marked increase in intracellular Na after only 5 min. A low K+ medium did not significantly influence the intracellular pH. No effect was observed on DNA synthesis or the abundance of c-jun transcripts in LLC-PK1 cells. Nor did Na+ loading enhance the growth stimulatory effect of serum. The results suggest that an increase in intracellular sodium does not directly regulate the growth of renal epithelial cells.

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