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Growth outcomes and complications after radiologic gastrostomy in 120 children

Authors
  • Lewis, Evan Cole1
  • Connolly, Bairbre2
  • Temple, Michael2
  • John, Philip2
  • Chait, Peter G.2
  • Vaughan, Jennifer2
  • Amaral, Joao G.2
  • 1 Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Ottawa, Canada , Ottawa (Canada)
  • 2 The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Division of Image Guided Therapy, 555 University Ave., Toronto, M5G 1X8, Canada , Toronto (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Radiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jul 12, 2008
Volume
38
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00247-008-0925-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

BackgroundEnteral feeding is ideal for children with low caloric intake. It can be provided through different methods, including nasogastric, nasojejunal, gastrostomy, or gastrojejunostomy tubes.ObjectiveTo assess growth outcomes of pediatric patients following retrograde percutaneous gastrostomy (RPG) and compare complications with those following other gastrostomy methods.Materials and methodsWe retrospectively reviewed 120 random RPG patients from 2002 to 2003 (mean follow-up, 2.7 years). Patient weights and growth percentiles were recorded at insertion, and at 0–5 months, 6–12 months, and 18–24 months after insertion, and then compared using a Student’s t-test. Complications and tube maintenance issues (TMIs) were recorded.ResultsGastrostomy tube insertion was successful in all 120 patients (59 boys, 61 girls; mean age 4.3 years). The most common underlying diagnosis was neurologic disease (29%, 35/120) and the main indication was inadequate caloric intake (24%, 29/120). Significant increases in growth percentile for the entire population were demonstrated between insertion and 0–5 months (18.7–25.3; P<0.001) and between insertion and 18–24 months (18.7–25.8; P<0.001). In boys and girls significant growth increases occurred between insertion and 0–5 months (boys P=0.004; girls P=0.01). There were 11 major postprocedural complications, 100 minor complications and 169 TMIs.ConclusionRPG provides long-term enteral nutrition in the pediatric population and increases growth significantly 6 and 24 months after insertion. Minor complications and TMIs are frequent.

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