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Growth Mindset Can Reduce the Adverse Effect of Substance Use on Adolescent Reasoning.

Authors
  • Wang, Cuicui1, 2
  • Luo, Jie2
  • Nie, Peixin3, 4
  • Wang, Daoyang1, 5
  • 1 School of Educational Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China. , (China)
  • 2 State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 3 Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 4 Cicero Learning, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 5 Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment Toward Basic Education Quality, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
10
Pages
1852–1852
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01852
PMID: 31474906
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The present study examined the relationship between substance use and reasoning in adolescents, and further investigated the modulation role of growth mindset on this relationship. A total of 1759 adolescents in China with substance use experience were investigated. The results showed that substance use (smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use) was negatively correlated with reasoning (r = -0.24 ∼-0.39, p < 0.01) and growth mindset (r = -0.18 ∼-0.32, p < 0.01). Regression analysis revealed that after controlling for the background variables (i.e., age, family annual income, and parents' educational level), only illicit drug use was the significant predictor of reasoning (β = -0.325, t = -14.28, p < 0.001). The interaction effect between growth mindset and illicit drug use was also a significant predictor of reasoning (β = -0.067, t = -2.92, p = 0.004), indicating growth mindset modulated the relationship between illicit drug use and reasoning ability. Further analysis found that the negative correlation between frequency of illicit drug use and reasoning in high growth mindset group was weaker than that of low growth mindset group (F ( 3 , 1733 ) = 332.51, p < 0.001, f 2 = 0.22). This suggests that growth mindset plays a significant moderating role in the relationship between substance use and reasoning. Overall, substance use has adverse effect on adolescent reasoning, however, growth mindset could reduce this adverse effect.

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