More than 100 patients with central precocious puberty are participating in this international multicenter study using monthly i.m. injections of the slow-release GnRH agonist Decapeptyl-Depot. In 15 patients, Decapeptyl-Depot treatment could be discontinued after 2 years of therapy. Gonadal suppression was promptly reversible in all of them, as shown by prepubertal low gonadotrophin and sex steroid levels. Of the remaining 90 patients, 40 have been treated for more than 3 years, including 33 girls and 7 boys. Plasma levels of LH, FSH, estradiol and testosterone dropped to the prepubertal range after one month of Decapeptyl-Depot and remained there for the whole period of therapy. At start of therapy, mean chronologic age of these 40 children was 6.6 +/- 1.4 (SD) years, mean bone age 10.2 +/- 1.9 years. Mean predicted adult height increased in the boys from 173.6 +/- 13.8 (SD) cm at start of therapy to 184.6 +/- 17.0 cm after 3 years. Predicted adult height increased in girls from 158.0 +/- 12.2 to 161.0 +/- 7.5 cm. Undue side effects were not seen, long term tolerance was good. It is concluded that Decapeptyl-Depot injected i.m. every 4 weeks suppresses the pituitary gonadal axis in children with central precocious puberty without clinical or biochemical escapes, and leads to an increase in predicted adult height by more than 3 cm in all boys and in 53% of the girls after three years of treatment.