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In growing pigs, nutritive value and nutrient digestibility of distillers’ by-products obtained from two varieties of rice

  • Nguyen Cong, Oanh
  • Pham Kim, Dang
  • Bindelle, Jérôme
  • Vu Dinh, Ton
  • Hornick, Jean-Luc
Publication Date
Mar 22, 2019
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In South-East Asia, rice distillers’ by-product (RDP) is a widely abundant feedstuff whose adequate incorporation into pig diets is still questionable. Especially, effects of RDP on nutrient digestibility of growing pigs fed corn-soybean meal-based diet are lacking. The objective of this study was to determine nutrient digestibility and energy value of ordinary (ORDP) and glutinous (GRDP) rice distillers’ by-product in growing pigs. Two groups of 12 castrated crossbred barrows (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire), about 3 months old, 38 ± 1.04 kg initial body weight, were each allocated to a 15-day experiment in which pigs were divided into three iso-nitrogenous diet-groups. The animals were housed individually in metabolism cages for separated collection of feces and urine. Each diet-group was provided either a control corn-soybean meal diet or a diet in which corn and soybean meal were partly replaced by ORDP or GRDP at 15 or 30% on diet dry matter basis. Glutinous by-product especially showed higher levels in crude protein, neutral/acid detergent fiber, total branched-chain amino acids and butyric acid. When compared to the control diet, ORDP tented to increase DM intake (P = 0.054) but decreased energy (P < 0.001) and crude protein (P < 0.04) digestibility, while GRDP decreased DM intake (P < 0.001). Both GRDP and ORDP products negatively affected digestibility of ether extract. The average digestible and metabolizable energy of ORDP and GRDP were 17.0 and 16.6, and 17.7 and 17.1 MJ/kg DM, respectively. In conclusion, these results show that both RDP, and especially GRDP, are highly valuable protein and energy sources for pig production.

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