For green synthesis of nZVI with low aggregation and high antioxidation, green tea extracts were explored as reductant during the synthesis with modification by hydrophilic porous activated carbon (HPAC) and sulfidation technology. Characterization results identified the effective preparation of porous activated carbon (PAC) with microporous and mesoporous characteristics, and the successful loading of S-nZVI nanoparticles on [email protected] Moreover, HPAC was identified to have a higher degree of hydrophilicity surface compared to PAC, while the S-nZVI with an atomic ratio of S/Fe (0.16) further improved the hydrophilic performance of [email protected] Batch adsorption revealed that the [email protected] possessed a pH-dependent adsorption performance with a fast kinetic equilibrium within 120 min and an outstanding Pb(II) binding of 295.30 mg/g at pH = 5.0 and 50 °C. Thermodynamic results exhibited positive ΔH° and ΔS°, clearly indicative of the endothermic property of Pb(II) uptake onto [email protected] with an increase in randomness, while the negative ΔG° uncovered a favorable and spontaneous process. Furthermore, the [email protected] was believed to enhance the Pb(II) uptake via the synergistic effects of electrostatic attraction, chemical precipitation, complexation and reduction. The results of this work highlighted the hydrophilic porous activated carbon supported sulfide nZVI for efficient remediation of Pb(II) contaminated water. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.