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Green chromatography determination of fatty acid methyl esters in biodiesel.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental technology
Publication Date
Volume
36
Issue
13-16
Pages
1933–1942
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2015.1016121
PMID: 25666201
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Biodiesel
  • Fatty Acids Methyl Esters
  • Flame Ionization Detector
  • Gas Chromatography
  • Transesterification

Abstract

This work proposes a green, simple and rapid chromatographic methodology for separation and determination of a group of 13 fatty acids methyl esters (FAMEs) by using a capillary gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector. The method was successfully applied for the determination of FAMEs in biodiesel samples from commercial and waste cooking oils, synthesized by homogeneous catalysis. Detection and quantification limits were in the μg L(-1) level. Direct injection of sample solution was compared with solid-phase extraction and solid-phase microextraction procedures, giving similar results. The lower analysis time represent considerable improvement compared with other papers. The described methodology is especially suitable for process control applications. The samples analysed showed total contents of FAMEs higher than 96.5%, which verifies the European regulations.

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