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Gravitational detection of a low-mass dark satellite galaxy at cosmological distance.

Authors
  • Vegetti, S
  • Lagattuta, D J
  • McKean, J P
  • Auger, M W
  • Fassnacht, C D
  • Koopmans, L V E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nature
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Jan 19, 2012
Volume
481
Issue
7381
Pages
341–343
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/nature10669
PMID: 22258612
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The mass function of dwarf satellite galaxies that are observed around Local Group galaxies differs substantially from simulations based on cold dark matter: the simulations predict many more dwarf galaxies than are seen. The Local Group, however, may be anomalous in this regard. A massive dark satellite in an early-type lens galaxy at a redshift of 0.222 was recently found using a method based on gravitational lensing, suggesting that the mass fraction contained in substructure could be higher than is predicted from simulations. The lack of very low-mass detections, however, prohibited any constraint on their mass function. Here we report the presence of a (1.9 ± 0.1) × 10(8) M dark satellite galaxy in the Einstein ring system JVAS B1938+666 (ref. 11) at a redshift of 0.881, where M denotes the solar mass. This satellite galaxy has a mass similar to that of the Sagittarius galaxy, which is a satellite of the Milky Way. We determine the logarithmic slope of the mass function for substructure beyond the local Universe to be 1.1(+0.6)(-0.4), with an average mass fraction of 3.3(+3.6)(-1.8) per cent, by combining data on both of these recently discovered galaxies. Our results are consistent with the predictions from cold dark matter simulations at the 95 per cent confidence level, and therefore agree with the view that galaxies formed hierarchically in a Universe composed of cold dark matter.

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