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Governance of maternity services: Effects on the management of perinatal deaths and bereavement services.

Authors
  • Helps, Änne1
  • Leitao, Sara2
  • O'Byrne, Laura3
  • Greene, Richard4
  • O'Donoghue, Keelin5
  • 1 Pregnancy Loss Research Group, The Irish Centre for Maternal and Child Health Research (INFANT), University College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, 5th floor, Wilton, Cork, Ireland; National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre (NPEC), University College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, 5th floor, Wilton, Cork, Ireland; Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Ireland)
  • 2 Pregnancy Loss Research Group, The Irish Centre for Maternal and Child Health Research (INFANT), University College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, 5th floor, Wilton, Cork, Ireland; National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre (NPEC), University College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, 5th floor, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. , (Ireland)
  • 3 Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. , (Ireland)
  • 4 National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre (NPEC), University College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, 5th floor, Wilton, Cork, Ireland; Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. , (Ireland)
  • 5 Pregnancy Loss Research Group, The Irish Centre for Maternal and Child Health Research (INFANT), University College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, 5th floor, Wilton, Cork, Ireland; Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. , (Ireland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Midwifery
Publication Date
May 28, 2021
Volume
101
Pages
103049–103049
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2021.103049
PMID: 34126337
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

External inquiries are carried out following adverse maternal/perinatal events, to examine the care provided and make recommendations to improve it. Clinical governance ensures that organisations promote high-quality care and are accountable for the care they provide, thus contributing to its improvement. This study examined how Irish perinatal bereavement services and the management of perinatal deaths (including events leading up to the deaths) were affected by developments in maternity services governance as described in ten Irish enquiry reports published over 14 years (2005-18). Two clinicians collected data from the ten enquiry reports by using a specifically designed review tool. Thematic analysis was carried out, following the steps of familiarising, coding, identifying, grouping and revising themes. Seven main themes were identified: workforce, leadership, management of risk, work environment, hospital oversight, national documents, data collection. Eight reports noted shortcomings in staffing levels, with a workforce that was under-resourced, and at times carried excessive workloads. The absence of 24/7 midwifery-shift leaders in maternity units resulted in problems with care at times not being escalated appropriately. The absence of a widely-owned, understood strategic plan for the management of the maternity services was mentioned in the reports from 2013. Conclusions and implications for practice The National Bereavement Care Standards were published in 2016 to address deficiencies identified in the enquiry reports and to standardise perinatal bereavement care across Irish maternity units. Though the first Irish Maternity Strategy (2016-26) was published in 2016, its implementation is incomplete. Inconsistencies remain in the definition and collection of national perinatal data, as well as concerns regarding the lack of local audit activities on pregnancy outcomes. Greater focus on hospital oversight, implementation of national documents and reliable data collection is required. To be effective and initiate positive changes in clinical services, documents such as incident reviews, national strategies and national reports including inquiries, need to include realistic recommendations with clear timelines and responsibilities for implementation. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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