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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurosecretion in the human hypothalamus: in vitro regulation by dopamine.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Publication Date
Volume
62
Issue
3
Pages
479–483
Identifiers
PMID: 3511082
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

An in vitro perifusion system was used to investigate GnRH release from adult human hypothalami in response to dopamine (DA) and the DA receptor antagonist haloperidol (HAL). Administration of a 1-microM pulse of DA consistently elicited a mean +/- SE 218 +/- 59% increase (P less than 0.05; n = 5) in GnRH release, whereas 1 microM HAL had no effect. Administration of 1 microM DA during three perifusions in which 1 microM HAL was added to the medium failed to alter basal GnRH release. In contrast, DA did evoke an acute 98 +/- 39% increase (P less than 0.06) in GnRH release during three matching perifusions with medium containing the alpha-adrenergic antagonist phentolamine. These studies demonstrate that DA can stimulate in vitro release of GnRH from the adult human hypothalamus by a DA receptor-mediated mechanism.

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