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Glycosamineglycan sulfate as acrosomal reaction-inducing factor of follicular fluid.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of andrology
Publication Date
Volume
12
Issue
2-3
Pages
203–209
Identifiers
PMID: 6508428
Source
Medline

Abstract

Follicular fluid from different mammalian species possesses two factors responsible for the induction of capacitation: a sperm-stimulating factor and an acrosomal reaction-inducing factor. The glycosamineglycan-sulfate (GAGs) extracted from pig follicular fluid induce acrosome reaction in pig spermatozoa which exhibit no morphological difference between the GAGs-induced reaction and the natural one. Acrosomal reaction commenced 30 min after the addition of GAGs and depended on GAGs concentration reaching 80% of acrosomal reacted spermatozoa after 6 hr of incubation with 7 mg of GAGs/ml. Chemical composition differs with the chemical data that characterize them as proteoglycans since those we obtained were practically protein free (2%). Another difference resides in the uronic acid content, which is almost twofold higher (59%). Electron microscope observations of the acrosomal reacted spermatozoa revealed that the addition of 10 mg/ml of trypsin soybean inhibitor did not interfere with any of the acrosomal reaction steps. The active capacitating factors may also originate from the follicular fluid released into the genital tract during ovulation.

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