Heat shock protein (Hsp) 72 is a cytosolic stress protein that is highly inducible by several factors including exercise. Hsp60 is primarily mitochondrial in cellular location, plays a key role in the intracellular protein translocation and cytoprotection, is increased in skeletal muscle by exercise, and is found in the peripheral circulation of healthy humans. Glucose deprivation increases Hsp72 in cultured cells, whereas reduced glycogen availability elevates Hsp72 in contracting human skeletal muscle. To determine whether maintained blood glucose during exercise attenuates the exercise-induced increase in intramuscular and circulating Hsp72 and Hsp60, 6 males performed 120 minutes of semirecumbent cycling at approximately 65% maximal oxygen uptake on 2 occasions while ingesting either a 6.4% glucose (GLU) or sweet placebo (CON) beverage throughout exercise. Muscle biopsies, obtained before and immediately after exercise, were analyzed for Hsp72 and Hsp60 protein expression. Blood samples were simultaneously obtained from a brachial artery, a femoral vein, and the hepatic vein before and during exercise for the analysis of serum Hsp72 and Hsp60. Leg and hepatosplanchnic blood flow were measured to determine Hsp72-Hsp60 flux across these tissue beds. Neither exercise nor glucose ingestion affected the Hsp72 or Hsp60 protein expression in, or their release from, contracting skeletal muscle. Arterial serum Hsp72 increased (P < 0.05) throughout exercise in both trials but was attenuated (P < 0.05) in GLU. This may have been in part because of the increased (P < 0.05) hepatosplanchnic Hsp72 release in CON, being totally abolished (P < 0.05) in GLU. Serum Hsp60 increased (P < 0.05) after 60 minutes of exercise in CON before returning to resting levels at 120 minutes. In contrast, no exercise-induced increase in serum Hsp60 was observed in GLU. We detected neither hepatosplanchnic nor contracting limb Hsp60 release in either trial. In conclusion, maintaining glucose availability during exercise attenuates the circulating Hsp response in healthy humans.