Adiponectin, an adipokine predominantly derived from adipose tissue, exhibits potent antitumor properties in breast cancer cells. However, its mechanisms of action remain elusive. Inflammasomes—intracellular multimeric protein complexes—modulate cancer cell growth in a complicated manner, as well as playing a role in the innate immune system. Herein, we examined the potential role of inflammasomes in the antitumor activity of adiponectin and found that globular adiponectin (gAcrp) significantly suppressed inflammasomes activation in breast cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo conditions, as determined by decreased expression of inflammasomes components, including NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) and the apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), and inhibition of interleukin-1β and caspase-1 activation. Treatment with pharmacological inhibitors of inflammasomes caused decrease in cell viability, apoptosis induction, and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, suggesting that inflammasomes activation is implicated in the growth of breast cancer cells. In addition, treatment with gAcrp generated essentially similar results to those of inflammasomes inhibitors, further indicating that suppression of breast cancer cell growth by gAcrp is mediated via modulation of inflammasomes. Mechanistically, gAcrp suppressed inflammasomes activation through sestrin2 (SESN2) induction, liver kinase B1 (LKB-1)-dependent AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, and alleviation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Taken together, these results demonstrate that gAcrp inhibits growth of breast cancer cells by suppressing inflammasomes activation, at least in part, via SESN2 induction and AMPK activation-dependent mechanisms.