Reproductive health does not refer simply to the absence of disease or disorders of the reproductive process. It is instead a condition in which the reproductive process is accomplished in a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. It implies that people have the ability to reproduce, to regulate their fertility, and to practice and enjoy sexual relationships. Reproduction should be carried to a successful outcome in terms of infant and child survival, growth, and healthy development; people should be able to have sex in safety; fertility should be able to be safely regulated; and women should be able to go through pregnancy and childbirth in safety. To that end, the number of contraceptive users in all developing countries increased from an estimated 31 million to 381 million between 1960-65 and 1985-90. This major expansion in contraceptive use will impact upon the present and future quality of life of individuals, families, and society at large. Despite the increase in the use of contraception, however, there is a major unmet need for family planning, and levels of maternal mortality, infection with sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS, and infant and child mortality remain significant and substantial.