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Glia and Neural Stem and Progenitor Cells of the Healthy and Ischemic Brain: The Workplace for the Wnt Signaling Pathway

Authors
  • Knotek, Tomas1, 2
  • Janeckova, Lucie3
  • Kriska, Jan1, 2
  • Korinek, Vladimir3
  • Anderova, Miroslava1, 2
  • 1 (J.K.)
  • 2 Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, 84 V Uvalu, 150 06 Prague, Czech Republic
  • 3 (V.K.)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Genes
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Jul 16, 2020
Volume
11
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/genes11070804
PMID: 32708801
PMCID: PMC7397164
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Wnt signaling plays an important role in the self-renewal, fate-commitment and survival of the neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) of the adult central nervous system (CNS). Ischemic stroke impairs the proper functioning of the CNS and, therefore, active Wnt signaling may prevent, ameliorate, or even reverse the negative effects of ischemic brain injury. In this review, we provide the current knowledge of Wnt signaling in the adult CNS, its status in diverse cell types, and the Wnt pathway’s impact on the properties of NS/PCs and glial cells in the context of ischemic injury. Finally, we summarize promising strategies that might be considered for stroke therapy, and we outline possible future directions of the field.

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