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Glass-like Behavior in a System of One Dimensional Fermions after a Quantum Quench

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Preprint
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arXiv ID: 1503.02507
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arXiv
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Abstract

We investigate the non-equilibrium relaxation dynamics of a one dimensional system of interacting spinless fermions near the XXZ integrable point. We observe two qualitatively different regimes: close to integrability and for low energies the relaxation proceeds in two steps (prethermalization scenario), while for large energies and/or away from integrability the dynamics develops in a single step. When the integrability breaking parameter is below a certain finite threshold and the energy of the system is sufficiently low the lifetime of the metastable states increases abruptly by several orders of magnitude, resembling the physics of glassy systems. This is reflected in a sudden jump in the relaxation timescales. We present results for finite but large systems and for large times compared to standard numerical methods. Our approach is based on the construction of equations of motion for one- and two-particle correlation functions using projection operator techniques.

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