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The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design

Authors
  • Álvarez-Muñiz, Jaime1
  • Alves Batista, Rafael2, 3
  • Balagopal V., Aswathi4
  • Bolmont, Julien5
  • Bustamante, Mauricio6, 7, 8
  • Carvalho, Washington Jr.9
  • Charrier, Didier10
  • Cognard, Ismaël11, 12
  • Decoene, Valentin13
  • Denton, Peter B.6
  • De Jong, Sijbrand14, 15
  • De Vries, Krijn D.16
  • Engel, Ralph17
  • Fang, Ke18, 19, 20
  • Finley, Chad21, 22
  • Gabici, Stefano23
  • Gou, QuanBu24
  • Gu, JunHua25
  • Guépin, Claire13
  • Hu, HongBo24
  • And 30 more
  • 1 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Departamento de Física de Partícular & Instituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxías, Santiago de Compostela, 15782, Spain , Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
  • 2 Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, São Paulo-SP, 05508-090, Brazil , São Paulo-SP (Brazil)
  • 3 University of Oxford, DWB, Department of Physics—Astrophysics, Oxford, OX1 3RH, UK , Oxford (United Kingdom)
  • 4 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Experimental Particle Physics (ETP), Karlsruhe, D-76021, Germany , Karlsruhe (Germany)
  • 5 Sorbonne Université, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléeaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE), 4 place Jussieu, Paris Cedex 5, F-75252, France , Paris Cedex 5 (France)
  • 6 Niels Bohr International Academy and DARK, Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen, 2100, Denmark , Copenhagen (Denmark)
  • 7 Niels Bohr Institute, Discovery Center, Copenhagen, 2100, Denmark , Copenhagen (Denmark)
  • 8 Ohio State University, Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics (CCAPP) & Department of Physics, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA , Columbus (United States)
  • 9 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, 15782, Spain , Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
  • 10 Institut Mines-Telecom Atlantique — CNRS/IN2P3 — Université de Nantes, SUBATECH, Nantes, 44300, France , Nantes (France)
  • 11 Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement et de l’Espace LPC2E CNRS-Université d’Orléans, Orléans, F-45071, France , Orléans (France)
  • 12 CNRS/INSU, Station de Radioastronomie de Nançay, Observatoire de Paris, Nançay, F-18330, France , Nançay (France)
  • 13 Sorbonne Université, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis bd Arago, Paris, 75014, France , Paris (France)
  • 14 Radboud Universiteit, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Nijmegen, 6500, Netherlands , Nijmegen (Netherlands)
  • 15 Nationaal Instituut voor Kernfysica en Hoge Energie Fysica (NIKHEF), Amsterdam, NL-1009, Netherlands , Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • 16 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, IIHE/ELEM, Pleinlaan 2, Brussels, 1050, Belgium , Brussels (Belgium)
  • 17 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP), Karlsruhe, D-76021, Germany , Karlsruhe (Germany)
  • 18 Stanford University, Einstein Fellow, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA , Stanford (United States)
  • 19 University of Maryland, Department of Astronomy, College Park, MD, 20742-2421, USA , College Park (United States)
  • 20 Joint Space-Science Institute, College Park, MD, 20742-2421, USA , College Park (United States)
  • 21 Stockholm University, Oskar Klein Centre, Stockholm, SE-10691, Sweden , Stockholm (Sweden)
  • 22 Stockholm University, Department of Physics, Stockholm, SE-10691, Sweden , Stockholm (Sweden)
  • 23 Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC), Paris, 75006, France , Paris (France)
  • 24 Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing, 100049, China , Beijing (China)
  • 25 Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Astronomical Observatories, Beijing, 100012, China , Beijing (China)
  • 26 Xinjiang University, School of Physical Science and Technology, Urumqi, 830046, China , Urumqi (China)
  • 27 Pennsylvania State University, Center for Particle and Gravitational Astrophysics, University Park, PA, 16802, USA , University Park (United States)
  • 28 Pennsylvania State University, Department of Physics, University Park, PA, 16802, USA , University Park (United States)
  • 29 Pennsylvania State University, Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, University Park, PA, 16802, USA , University Park (United States)
  • 30 Université Paris Diderot, PSL Research University, LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, Meudon, 92190, France , Meudon (France)
  • 31 Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS/IN2P3, Lab. de Physique Corpusculaire, Clermond-Ferrand, 63000, France , Clermond-Ferrand (France)
  • 32 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, Garching bei München, D-85748, Germany , Garching bei München (Germany)
  • 33 Shandong Management University, Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jinan, 250357, China , Jinan (China)
  • 34 University of Delaware, Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Newark, DE, 19716, USA , Newark (United States)
  • 35 Université Paris-Saclay, IRFU, CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, F-91191, France , Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  • 36 Université Paris Diderot, GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, Meudon, F-92190, France , Meudon (France)
  • 37 CONICET, Instituto de Física La Plata, Boulevard 120 y 63, La Plata, 1900, Argentina , La Plata (Argentina)
  • 38 Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Shanghai, 200030, China , Shanghai (China)
  • 39 CNRS, PSL/SU/UPD/SPC, LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Place J. Janssen, Meudon, 92195, France , Meudon (France)
  • 40 Peking University, Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Beijing, 100871, China , Beijing (China)
  • 41 Peking University, Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Beijing, 100871, China , Beijing (China)
  • 42 Victoria University of Wellington, School of Engineering and Computer Science, Wellington, 6140, New Zealand , Wellington (New Zealand)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Science China Physics Mechanics and Astronomy
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Aug 04, 2019
Volume
63
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11433-018-9385-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) is a planned large-scale observatory of ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic particles, with energies exceeding 108 GeV. Its goal is to solve the long-standing mystery of the origin of UHE cosmic rays. To do this, GRAND will detect an unprecedented number of UHE cosmic rays and search for the undiscovered UHE neutrinos and gamma rays associated to them with unmatched sensitivity. GRAND will use large arrays of antennas to detect the radio emission coming from extensive air showers initiated by UHE particles in the atmosphere. Its design is modular: 20 separate, independent sub-arrays, each of 10000 radio antennas deployed over 10000 km2. A staged construction plan will validate key detection techniques while achieving important science goals early. Here we present the science goals, detection strategy, preliminary design, performance goals, and construction plans for GRAND.

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