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Giant orbital Hall effect in transition metals: origin of large spin and anomalous Hall effects.

Authors
  • Kontani, H
  • Tanaka, T
  • Hirashima, D S
  • Yamada, K
  • Inoue, J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Physical review letters
Publication Date
Jan 09, 2009
Volume
102
Issue
1
Pages
16601–16601
Identifiers
PMID: 19257222
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In transition metals and their compounds, the orbital degrees of freedom gives rise to an orbital current, in addition to the ordinary spin and charge currents. We reveal that considerably large spin and anomalous Hall effects observed in transition metals originate from an orbital Hall effect (OHE). To elucidate the origin of these novel Hall effects, a simple periodic s-d hybridization model is proposed as a generic model. The giant positive OHE originates from the orbital Aharonov-Bohm phase factor, and induces spin Hall conductivity that is proportional to the spin-orbit polarization at the Fermi level, which is positive (negative) in metals with more than (less than) half filling.

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