Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a heterogeneous myeloid malignancy characterized by recurrent clonal events, including mutations in epigenetically relevant genes such as DNMT3A, ASXL1, IDH1/2, and TET2. Next-generation sequencing analysis of a mother and son pair who both developed adult-onset diploid AML identified a novel germline missense mutation DNMT3A p.P709S. The p.P709S protein-altering variant resides in the highly conserved catalytic DNMT3A methyltransferase domain. Functional studies demonstrate that the p.P709S variant confers dominant negative effects when interacting with wildtype DNMT3A. LINE-1 pyrosequencing and reduced representation bisulphite sequencing (RBBS) analysis demonstrated global DNA hypomethylation in germline samples, not present in the leukaemic samples. Somatic acquisition of IDH2 p.R172K mutations, in concert with additional acquired clonal DNMT3A events in both patients at the time of AML diagnosis, confirms the important pathogenic interaction of epigenetically active genes, and implies a strong selection and regulation of methylation in leukaemogenesis. Improved characterization of germline mutations may enable us to better predict malignant clonal evolution, improving our ability to provide customized treatment or future preventative strategies.