Entomophthora planchoniana and Neozygites fresenii caused infection in populations of the green spruce aphid, Elatobium abietinum, in Iceland. On this aphid species En. planchoniana was exclusively found in the western part of Iceland, while N. fresenii was exclusively found in the eastern part of Iceland. This discrete and nearly nonoverlapping geographical distribution correlates with the distribution of two different populations of El. abietinum found in Iceland. On other aphid species N. fresenii, En. planchoniana, Pandora neoaphidis, and Conidiobolus obscurus were documented throughout the country. Transmission experiments showed that Pa. neoaphidis and En. planchoniana could infect the eastern population of El. abietinum, although they have never been found on this population in nature. This strongly indicates that there is little or no interaction among El. abietinum, other aphids, and their respective entomophthoralean fungi in the field. Furthermore, this study is the first to record epizootics caused by N. fresenii and En. planchoniana in the subpolar region.