Pathogenic variants in the IQSEC2 gene including nonsense, frameshift, splice-alterations, deletions, and missense changes have been identified in individuals with X-linked mental retardation. Although highly variable, clinical features may include hypotonia, moderate to severe delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, speech deficits, refractory seizures, autistic features, and stereotypical movements. Females with de novo variants have been described with classical features. In contrast, the phenotype in carrier females identified through an affected male may range from asymptomatic to mild intellectual disability. We present male (N = 2) and female (N = 3) probands ascertained via diagnostic exome sequencing with distinct variant types in the IQSEC2 gene encompassing a spectrum of phenotypic severity with patient sex, variant type and inheritance hypothesized to drive disease penetrance and expressivity. All of these patients demonstrated epilepsy, global developmental delays, intellectual disability, and constipation. Our data support that de novo, truncating variants correlate with severe disease in both female and male patients harboring an IQSEC2 alteration. Missense variants in male and female patients may account for a milder disease overall, with more severe symptoms in males than females. We also present the first confirmed case of parental mosaicism, which has implications regarding counseling for recurrence risk. These data further delineate a genotype-phenotype correlation of IQSEC2 variation. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.