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Genomic diversity and molecular epidemiology of a multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa DMC30b isolated from a hospitalized burn patient in Bangladesh.

  • Hoque, M Nazmul1
  • Jahan, M Ishrat2
  • Hossain, M Anwar2
  • Sultana, Munawar3
  • 1 Department of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Reproductive Health, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh. , (Bangladesh)
  • 2 Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh. , (Bangladesh)
  • 3 Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address: [email protected]. , (Bangladesh)
Published Article
Journal of global antimicrobial resistance
Publication Date
Sep 02, 2022
DOI: 10.1016/j.jgar.2022.08.023
PMID: 36058512


Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a key opportunistic pathogen causing a wide range of community- and hospital-acquired infections in immunocompromised or catheterized patients. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant (MDR) P. aeruginosa DMC30b to elucidate the genetic diversity, molecular epidemiology, and underlying mechanisms for antimicrobial resistance and virulence. P. aeruginosa DMC30b was isolated from septic wound swab of a severe burn patient. Whole-genome sequencing was performed under Ion Torrent platform. The genome was assembled using the SPAdes v. 3.12.01 in an integrated Genome Analysis Platform for Ion Torrent sequence data. The genome was annotated using the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Prokaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline. In-silico predictions of antimicrobial resistance genes, virulence factor genes, and metabolic functional potentials were performed using different curated bioinformatics tools. P. aeruginosa DMC30b was found as a MDR strain and belonged to sequence type 244 (ST244). The complete genome size is 6 994 756 bp with a coverage of 76.76x, guanine-cytosine content of 65.7% and a Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs score of 100. The genome of P. aeruginosa DMC30b harboured two predicted plasmid replicons (e,g. IncP-6; 78 007 bp and ColRNAI; 9359 bp), 35 resistomes (antimicrobial resistance genes) conferring resistance to 18 different antibiotics (including four beta-lactam classes), and 214 virulence factor genes. It was identified as the 167th ST244 strain among ∼ 5800 whole-genome sequences of P. aeruginosa available in the NCBI database. The MDR P. aeruginosa DMC30b was identified as the 167th ST244 complete genome to be submitted to the NCBI, and the first ST244 isolate sequenced from Bangladesh. The complete genome data with high genetic diversity and underlying mechanisms for antimicrobial resistance and virulence of P. aeruginosa DMC30b will aid in understanding the evolution and phylogeny of such high-risk clones and provide a solid basis for further research on MDR or extensively drug resistant strains. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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