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Effect of genomic rearrangement on heavy metal tolerance in the plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp245

Authors
  • Shelud’ko, Andrei V.1
  • Varshalomidze, Olga E.1
  • Petrova, Lilia P.1
  • Katsy, Elena I.1
  • 1 Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, 13 Prospekt Entuziastov, Saratov, 410049, Russia , Saratov (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Folia Microbiologica
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2011
Volume
57
Issue
1
Pages
5–10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12223-011-0074-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

A derivative of Azospirillum brasilense Sp245, Sp245.5, which spontaneously lost 85 and 120 MDa replicons upon the formation of a new megaplasmid, has been shown to produce a novel lipopolysaccharide and to lose Calcofluor-binding polysaccharides. As compared to Sp245, the derivative displays notably increased heavy metal tolerance. The phenotypes of Sp245 and Sp245.5 are characterized by the following minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of heavy metals: 0.5 and 0.9 μmol l−1 of Ag+, 0.4 and 0.7 mmol l−1 of Co2+, 0.9 and 4.7 mmol l−1 of Cu2+, and 3.1 and 11.5 mmol l−1 of Zn2+, respectively. In Sp245, in the presence of a nonlethal concentration (0.625 μmol l−1) of the efflux pump inhibitor carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), the MIC of cobalt, copper, and zinc drop 1.3- to 1.6-fold, but the low tolerance to silver is unaffected. In Sp245.5, CCCP does not affect cobalt tolerance, suppresses tolerance to copper and silver to the wild-type levels, and causes a 1.4-fold decrease in resistance to zinc. Therefore, significant elevation of heavy metal tolerance in Sp245.5 seems caused by the induction/overexpression of the proton-dependent efflux of certain metal ions. The novel cell surface and other unknown factors could also be responsible for the increased tolerance of A. brasilense Sp245.5 to heavy metals.

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