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Genetically mast cell-deficient W/Wv mice as a tool for studies of differentiation and function of mast cells.

Authors
  • Nakano, T
  • Kanakura, Y
  • Nakahata, T
  • Matsuda, H
  • Kitamura, Y
Type
Published Article
Journal
Federation proceedings
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1987
Volume
46
Issue
5
Pages
1920–1923
Identifiers
PMID: 3556616
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Genetically mast cell-deficient W/Wv mice are useful for the analysis of mast cell biology, especially as recipients of bone marrow cells and skin pieces. Inasmuch as suspension and clonal cultures of mast cells have been developed, we combined these in vivo and in vitro systems. Suspension-cultured mast cells had morphological and biochemical characteristics similar to those of mucosal mast cells (MMC). However, i.p. injection of such cultured mast cells gave rise to development of cells with characteristics similar to those of connective tissue mast cells (CTMC). When peritoneal cells of normal +/+ mice were cultured in methylcellulose, pure mast cell colonies appeared. Cells from individual mast cell colonies were divided and injected into the skin and stomach wall of W/Wv mice; CTMC developed in the skin and MMC in the stomach mucosa. This indicates the presence of a common precursor for CTMC and MMC. Morphology of such bipotent mast cell precursors was studied by using micromanipulation. About 4% of morphologically identifiable peritoneal mast cells may function as the bipotent precursors. Although W/Wv mice showed a defect in resistance against ixodid ticks, injection of suspension-cultured mast cells normalized the defect. The four examples mentioned above indicate that combinations of in vivo and in vitro systems increase the usefulness of W/Wv mice.

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