Affordable Access

Genetic variation in response to 6-mercaptopurine for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Lancet
0140-6736
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
336
Issue
8709
Pages
225–229
Identifiers
PMID: 1973780
Source
Medline

Abstract

6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) can be inactivated by S-methylation, which is catalysed by thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT). An alternative metabolic route leads to the formation of cytotoxic 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6-TGN). To investigate whether these two pathways compete with each other to affect the therapeutic response to 6-MP, 6-TGN concentrations and TPMT enzymatic activity were measured in erythrocytes (RBC) from 95 children on long-term 6-MP therapy for lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). RBC TPMT activities were also measured in 130 control children and 104 long-term survivors of ALL no longer on treatment. The 95 children on 6-MP showed wide interindividual differences in RBC 6-TGN concentrations at the full protocol dose of 75 mg/m2, and RBC 6-TGN concentrations correlated negatively with RBC TPMT activity. Children with 6-TGN concentrations below the group median had higher TPMT activities and a higher subsequent relapse rate. 50 of the 104 long-term survivors had been treated with "gentle" low-dose protocols, and this subgroup contained an excess of children with lower TPMT activities compared with normal controls. These results indicate that genetically determined TPMT activity may be a substantial regulator of the cytotoxic effect of 6-MP, an effect which in turn could be important in influencing the outcome of therapy for childhood ALL.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments
F