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Genetic parameters by son-sire covariances for growth and carcass traits of Hereford bulls in a nonselected herd.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of animal science
Publication Date
Volume
69
Issue
3
Pages
1000–1007
Identifiers
PMID: 2061230
Source
Medline

Abstract

Growth rates and weights at weaning, 365 d, and at slaughter were obtained on 616 bulls in a nonselected Hereford herd over a 10-yr period beginning in 1978. Carcass data were obtained for 401 of these bulls at 16 mo of age and on 101 that were sires or alternates and slaughtered at 30 mo of age. Fifty-five bulls slaughtered at 30 mo of age sired 301 male offspring on which growth data were obtained and 30 sired 169 male offspring on which carcass data were obtained. Bulls gained an average of .75 kg/d preweaning and 1.16 kg/d postweaning on a 168-d feed test. Rate of daily gain from the end of feed test to slaughter ranged from .7 to 1.2 kg/d. Time from the end of the feed test to slaughter ranged from 48 to 140 d. Slaughter weight, marbling score (Small = 12, Traces = 6), longissimus muscle area, fat covering over the 12th rib, percentage of kidney, pelvic and heart fat (KPH), and dressing percentage for bulls slaughtered as yearlings were 470 kg, 7.6 score, 82.5 cm, 8.2 mm, 1.0%, and 58.8%, respectively. The 30-mo-old bulls were slaughtered directly from range pastures. Marbling was devoid or practically devoid and fat covering over the 12th rib and KPH fat were insufficient to measure or estimate accurately. Sufficient variation was not available for statistical analyses of these traits. Slaughter weight, longissimus muscle area, and dressing percentage of 30-mo-old bulls were 583 kg, 91.8 cm, and 54.0%, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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