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Genetic evidence for Pak1 autoinhibition and its release by Cdc42.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular and cellular biology
Publication Date
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
602–611
Identifiers
PMID: 9858584
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Pak1 protein kinase of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, a member of the p21-GTPase-activated protein kinase (PAK) family, participates in signaling pathways including sexual differentiation and morphogenesis. The regulatory domain of PAK proteins is thought to inhibit the kinase catalytic domain, as truncation of this region renders kinases more active. Here we report the detection in the two-hybrid system of the interaction between Pak1 regulatory domain and the kinase catalytic domain. Pak1 catalytic domain binds to the same highly conserved region on the regulatory domain that binds Cdc42, a GTPase protein capable of activating Pak1. Two-hybrid, mutant, and genetic analyses indicated that this intramolecular interaction rendered the kinase in a closed and inactive configuration. We show that Cdc42 can induce an open configuration of Pak1. We propose that Cdc42 interaction disrupts the intramolecular interactions of Pak1, thereby releasing the kinase from autoinhibition.

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