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Genetic diversity of Horsfieldia tetratepala (Myristicaceae), an endangered Plant Species with Extremely Small Populations to China: implications for its conservation

Authors
  • Cai, Chaonan1, 1, 2
  • Xiao, Jianhua2, 3
  • Ci, Xiuqin2, 4
  • Conran, John G.5
  • Li, Jie2, 4
  • 1 Taizhou University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, 318000, China , Taizhou (China)
  • 2 Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223, China , Kunming (China)
  • 3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China , Beijing (China)
  • 4 Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, 666303, China , Mengla (China)
  • 5 The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia , Adelaide (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Publication Date
Jul 19, 2021
Volume
307
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00606-021-01774-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Article
License
Yellow

Abstract

Genetic variation determines the evolutionary potential of a species and is vital for fully understanding the evolution of a species, as well as for developing optimal conservation strategies. Horsfieldia tetratepala is classified as a Plant Species with Extremely Small Populations (PSESP) in China where it is an economically important rainforest tree, but it has declined sharply, mainly caused by habitat destruction and is now an endangered, narrow endemic. Effective conservation strategies for H. tetratepala are required urgently, but limited information exists about its genetic diversity. Accordingly, restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) was used to sequence sixty-three H. tetratepala trees covering ten isolated populations to assess genomic diversity and population structure. The survey generated 8103 high-quality SNPs, analysis of which revealed low genetic diversity and moderate genetic differentiation among populations. However, Bayesian clustering of the sampled H. tetratepala populations produced two genetic clusters, though with some populations from Guangxi and Yunnan intermixed. Because of the increase in habitat fragmentation and human disturbance, conservation priority should be placed on populations with higher genetic variation (e.g., BB, TKH, DWS, and GLQ), allowing the formulation of more effective conservation strategies for this PSESP species.

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