We analyzed the incidence of infiltrative mass-type tongue carcinomas (IMTC) induced in 550 rats by continuous oral administration of 0.001% 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide solution for 180 days. The study included various crosses of susceptible Dark-Agouti rats (DA) and resistant Wistar/Furth rats (WF). DA showed a 93.6% incidence of IMTC measuring more than 5 mm in their largest diameter, while WF showed only a 4% incidence. Reciprocal F1 and F2 hybrids mated by DA and WF showed 47.5% and 45.8% incidences, respectively. Meanwhile, reciprocal backcrossed hybrids to DA and WF showed 73.7%, and 24.6% incidences, respectively. Segregation of the incidences suggests that there are two autosomal dominant genes, one linked to the susceptibility of DA and the other to the resistance of WF.