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Generalized Thue-Morse words and palindromic richness

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Published Article
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arXiv ID: 1104.2476
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arXiv
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Abstract

We prove that the generalized Thue-Morse word $\mathbf{t}_{b,m}$ defined for $b \geq 2$ and $m \geq 1$ as $\mathbf{t}_{b,m} = (s_b(n) \mod m)_{n=0}^{+\infty}$, where $s_b(n)$ denotes the sum of digits in the base-$b$ representation of the integer $n$, has its language closed under all elements of a group $D_m$ isomorphic to the dihedral group of order $2m$ consisting of morphisms and antimorphisms. Considering simultaneously antimorphisms $\Theta \in D_m$, we show that $\mathbf{t}_{b,m}$ is saturated by $\Theta$-palindromes up to the highest possible level. Using the terminology generalizing the notion of palindromic richness for more antimorphisms recently introduced by the author and E. Pelantov\'a, we show that $\mathbf{t}_{b,m}$ is $D_m$-rich. We also calculate the factor complexity of $\mathbf{t}_{b,m}$.

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