In this paper, we propose a novel framework to analyze the theoretical properties of the learning process for a representative type of domain adaptation, which combines data from multiple sources and one target (or briefly called representative domain adaptation). In particular, we use the integral probability metric to measure the difference between the distributions of two domains and meanwhile compare it with the H-divergence and the discrepancy distance. We develop the Hoeffding-type, the Bennett-type and the McDiarmid-type deviation inequalities for multiple domains respectively, and then present the symmetrization inequality for representative domain adaptation. Next, we use the derived inequalities to obtain the Hoeffding-type and the Bennett-type generalization bounds respectively, both of which are based on the uniform entropy number. Moreover, we present the generalization bounds based on the Rademacher complexity. Finally, we analyze the asymptotic convergence and the rate of convergence of the learning process for representative domain adaptation. We discuss the factors that affect the asymptotic behavior of the learning process and the numerical experiments support our theoretical findings as well. Meanwhile, we give a comparison with the existing results of domain adaptation and the classical results under the same-distribution assumption.