Affordable Access

Gene expression profiles associated with advanced pancreatic cancer.

Authors
  • Campagna, Domenico
  • Cope, Leslie
  • Lakkur, Sindhu S
  • Henderson, Clark
  • Laheru, Daniel
  • Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2008
Volume
1
Issue
1
Pages
32–43
Identifiers
PMID: 18784821
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Few studies have addressed the expression profiles associated with progression of pancreatic cancer to advanced disease. Towards this end, we performed expression profiling of a series of normal pancreas, pancreatitis and cancer tissues representing early stage resected pancreatic cancers (stages pT2/T3), late stage unresectable cancers (stage pT4) and matched metastases to a variety of organ sites. Microarray data was analyzed using linear modeling of microarray data (LIMMA), and differentially expressed genes were subjected to Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA). While robust differences were found in primary cancers as compared to normal pancreatic tissues, no differences were found between primary cancers and metastases, whether using matched or unmatched samples. When resected pancreatic cancers were specifically compared to advanced pancreatic cancers, significant differences in gene expression were found associated with growth at the primary site. These differentially expressed genes were most prominent in gene classes that related to MAPK and Wnt pathway, metabolism, immune regulation, cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions within the infiltrating carcinoma. One candidate upregulated gene (MXI1) was validated as having increased expression in advanced stage (T4) carcinomas by real-time PCR (p<0.05) and immunolabeling (p<0.003). We conclude that in addition to the robust changes in expression that accompany pancreatic carcinogenesis additional specific changes occur in association with growth at the primary site. By contrast, metastatic spread is not accompanied by reproducible changes in gene expression. These findings add to our understanding of pancreatic cancer and offer new topics for investigation into the aggressive nature of this deadly tumor type.

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