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Gene expression of heat shock protein 70, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor α as tools to identify immunotoxic effects on Xenopus laevis: a dose-response study with benzo[a]pyrene and its degradation products.

Authors
  • Martini, Federica1
  • Fernández, Carlos
  • Tarazona, José V
  • Pablos, M Victoria
  • 1 Laboratory for Ecotoxicology, Department of Environment, Spanish National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology (INIA), Carretera de la Coruña, Km 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain. [email protected] , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
Volume
160
Issue
1
Pages
28–33
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.09.016
PMID: 22035922
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The exposure to benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) results in an alteration of immune function in mammals and fish, and the analysis of cytokine mRNA levels has been suggested for predicting the immunomodulatory potential of chemicals. To obtain evidence of the innate immune responses to B[a]P in Xenopus laevis, the present study monitored the mRNA expression of interleukin 1-β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in a laboratorial exposure. Tadpoles exposed to 8.36, 14.64, 89.06 and 309.47 μg/L of B[a]P,were used for detecting hsp70, IL-1β and TNF-α mRNA induction. A dose-response increase in the expression of hsp70 and IL-1β mRNA was found. The results of this study confirmed the use of hsp70 and IL-1β, but not TNF-α, as sensitive indicators of immunotoxic effect of B[a]P in X. laevis. Further research would be required for the validation of these endpoints. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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