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Gender Differences in Quality of Life of Adolescent Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Authors
  • Dundervill, Caroline1
  • Al-Asadi, Zayd1
  • Behnke, John2
  • Tumlin, Parker2
  • Chaiban, Rafka3
  • Ramadan, Hassan H2
  • Makary, Chadi A2
  • 1 School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
  • 2 Department of Otolaryngology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
  • 3 Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University Medicine, Morgantown WV, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of Otology Rhinology & Laryngology
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
Volume
133
Issue
2
Pages
169–173
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/00034894231195662
PMID: 37608693
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To identify the differences in the impact of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) between female and male adolescent patients at presentation. Cross sectional study. Adolescent patients, age 12 to 18 years old, presenting to our Otolaryngology clinic between August 2020 and April 2023 for CRS were asked to fill both the SNOT-22 and the SN5 forms. Female and male cohorts were compared regarding their demographics, comorbidities, subjective and objective disease measurements, and choice of treatment. Sixty-six patients were included, 30 female and 36 male patients. There were no differences in age, allergic rhinitis, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, presence of nasal septal deviation, and objective disease severity (P > .05 for all). At presentation, mean overall SNOT-22, ear/facial, sleep, and psychological domains were all higher in female patients (43vs 30.9, P = .02; 9.1vs 6, P = .03; 11.8vs 8.3, P = .07; 14.1vs 8.8, P = .02 respectively). SN5 scores and overall QoL visual analog scale were similar in females and males. Female patients with CRS show higher subjective disease burden. Incorporating data on gender-specific differences may be important to personalize treatment decision making.

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