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Gender Differences in Demographic and Clinical Features of Physicians Admitted to a Program for Medical Professionals with Mental Disorders.

Authors
  • Braquehais, María Dolores1
  • Arrizabalaga, Pilar2
  • Lusilla, Pilar3
  • Valero, Sergi3
  • Bel, Miquel Jordi1
  • Bruguera, Eugeni1
  • Sher, Leo4
  • Casas, Miquel1
  • 1 Integral Care Program for Sick Health Professionals, Galatea Clinic, Galatea Foundation, Collegi Oficial de Metges de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, CIBERSAM, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 Department of Nephrology, Hospital Clínic , Barcelona , Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, CIBERSAM, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain. , (Spain)
  • 4 James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York, NY , USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychiatry
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2016
Volume
7
Pages
181–181
Identifiers
PMID: 27933002
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To examine the demographic and clinical differences between men and women admitted to a Physicians' Health Programme (PHP). Retrospective chart review of 778 medical records of physicians admitted to the Barcelona PHP from February 1, 1998 until December 31, 2015. Women admitted to the Barcelona PHP were younger than men, were more likely to be self-referred and to be admitted for a non-addictive mental disorder. Prevalence of unipolar affective disorders (60.1 vs. 37.6%), adjustment disorders (62.4 vs. 37.6%), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (61.1 vs. 38.9%) was significantly higher among women, whereas prevalence of alcohol use disorders was lower (32.7 vs. 67.3%). Nevertheless, both groups were similar with regard to medical specialty, working status, length of their first treatment episode, and presence of hospitalization during that episode. After multivariate analysis, age, type of referral, and main diagnosis (addictive disorders vs. other mental disorders) discriminated the differences between groups. Women physicians seem to be more prone to voluntarily ask for help from PHPs and are more likely to suffer from mood and anxiety disorders compared to men. However, mental disorders' severity may be similar in both groups. More studies are needed to clarify the gender factors related to this behavior.

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