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Gender differences in cocaine dependent patients: a 6 month follow-up study.

Authors
  • Weiss, R D
  • Martinez-Raga, J
  • Griffin, M L
  • Greenfield, S F
  • Hufford, C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 10, 1997
Volume
44
Issue
1
Pages
35–40
Identifiers
PMID: 9031818
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This 6-month follow-up study compared 64 men and 37 women hospitalized for cocaine dependence. Drug histories, sociodemographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses, and Addiction Severity Index (ASI) scores were compared during hospitalization; cocaine use and ASI scores were compared at 6 months. During hospitalization, women had significantly more severe family and social problems; men had more antisocial personality disorder. At follow-up, significantly more women had remained abstinent: family/social problem severity no longer differed. This replicates previous research showing better treatment outcome for cocaine dependent women. This may be related to specific characteristics of women who enter mixed-gender cocaine treatment programs.

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