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Gastrointestinal Parasite Infection in Cats in Daegu, Republic of Korea, and Efficacy of Treatment Using Topical Emodepside/Praziquantel Formulation.

Authors
  • Lee, Seung-Hun1, 2
  • Ock, Younsung3
  • Choi, Donghag3
  • Kwak, Dongmi1
  • 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 2 National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 3 Dongin Veterinary Clinic, Daegu 41946, Korea. , (North Korea)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Korean journal of parasitology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2019
Volume
57
Issue
3
Pages
243–248
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3347/kjp.2019.57.3.243
PMID: 31284346
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this study was 2-fold: 1) to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite infection in cats reared in Daegu, Republic of Korea and 2) to assess the efficacy and safety of a topical emodepside/praziquantel formulation for cats with parasitic infections. The gastrointestinal parasite infections were examined microscopically using the flotation method. Of 407 cats, 162 (39.8%) were infected by at least one gastrointestinal parasite, including Toxocara cati (63.0%), Toxascaris leonina (31.5%), Taenia taeniaeformis (3.7%), and Cystoisospora felis (1.9%). None of the infected animals had multiple infections. When the data were analyzed according to sex, age, and type of cat, stray cats showed statistically higher prevalence than companion cats (P<0.05). On the 5th day after treatment, no parasitic eggs were detected using microscopic examination. In addition, no adverse effects, such as abnormal behaviors and clinical symptoms, were observed in the cats treated with the drug. These results quantify the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cats in Daegu, Republic of Korea, and show that topical emodepside/praziquantel is a safe and effective choice for treating the parasitic infections in cats.

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