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Gastric antral vascular ectasia: A case report and literature review

Authors
  • Alkhormi, Abdulrahman M.
  • Memon, Muhammed Yousuf
  • Alqarawi, Abdullah
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
Publisher
De Gruyter Open
Publication Date
Mar 28, 2018
Volume
6
Issue
1
Pages
47–51
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/jtim-2018-0010
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a rare but an important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and commonly presents as occult bleeding that manifests as iron deficiency anemia (IDA). GAVE is commonly associated with chronic illnesses, most frequently liver cirrhosis and connective tissue diseases. The pathogenesis of GAVE is still obscure, and many hypotheses such as mechanical stress, hormonal factors, and autoimmune factors, have been proposed. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has a major role in the diagnosis and treatment of GAVE.

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