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The GAMYB-like gene SlMYB33 mediates flowering and pollen development in tomato

Authors
  • Zhang, Yan1
  • Zhang, Bo1
  • Yang, Tongwen1
  • Zhang, Jie1
  • Liu, Bin2
  • Zhan, Xiangqiang1
  • Liang, Yan1
  • 1 Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, P. R. China , Yangling (China)
  • 2 Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China , Shanghai (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Horticulture Research
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
7
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41438-020-00366-1
Source
Springer Nature
License
Green

Abstract

GAMYBs are positive GA signaling factors that exhibit essential functions in reproductive development, particularly in anther and pollen development. However, there is no direct evidence of the regulation of any GAMYB in these biological processes in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Here, we identified a tomato GAMYB-like gene, SlMYB33, and characterized its specific roles. SlMYB33 is predominately expressed in the stamens and pistils. During flower development, high mRNA abundance of SlMYB33 is detected in both male and female organs, such as microspore mother cells, anthers, pollen grains, and ovules. Silencing of SlMYB33 leads to delayed flowering, aberrant pollen viability, and poor fertility in tomato. Histological analyses indicate that SlMYB33 exerts its function in pollen development in the mature stage. Further transcriptomic analyses imply that the knockdown of SlMYB33 significantly inhibits the expression of genes related to flowering in shoot apices, and alters the transcription of genes controlling sugar metabolism in anthers. Taken together, our study suggests that SlMYB33 regulates tomato flowering and pollen maturity, probably by modulating the expression of genes responsible for flowering and sugar metabolism, respectively.

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