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gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its role in the vacuolar transport and metabolism of glutathione.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Biochemical journal
Publication Date
Volume
359
Issue
Pt 3
Pages
631–637
Identifiers
PMID: 11672438
Source
Medline

Abstract

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the enzyme gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT; EC 2.3.2.2) is a glycoprotein that is bound to the vacuolar membrane. The kinetic parameters of GSH transport into isolated vacuoles were measured using intact vacuoles isolated from the wild-type yeast strain Sigma 1278b, under conditions of gamma-GT synthesis (nitrogen starvation) and repression (growth in the presence of ammonium ions). Vacuoles devoid of gamma-GT displayed a K(m) (app) of 18+/-2 mM and a V(max) (app) of 48.5+/-5 nmol of GSH/min per mg of protein. Vacuoles containing gamma-GT displayed practically the same K(m), but a higher V(max) (app) (150+/-12 nmol of GSH/min per mg of protein). Vacuoles prepared from a disruptant lacking gamma-GT showed no increase in V(max) (app) with nitrogen starvation. From a comparison of the transport data obtained for vacuoles isolated from various reference and mutant strains, it appears that the yeast cadmium factor 1 (YCF1) transport system accounts for approx. 70% of the GSH transport capacity of the vacuoles, the remaining 30% being due to a vacuolar (H(+)) ATPase-coupled system. The V(max) (app)-increasing effect of gamma-GT concerns only the YCF1 system. gamma-GT in the vacuolar membrane activates the Ycf1p transporter, either directly or indirectly. Moreover, GSH accumulating in the vacuolar space may exert a feedback effect on its own entry. Excretion of glutamate from radiolabelled GSH in isolated vacuoles containing gamma-GT was also measured. It is proposed that gamma-GT and a L-Cys-Gly dipeptidase catalyse the complete hydrolysis of GSH stored in the central vacuole of the yeast cell, prior to release of its constitutive amino acids L-glutamate, L-cysteine and glycine into the cytoplasm. Yeast appears to be a useful model for studying gamma-GT physiology and GSH metabolism.

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