Galactosyltransferase which catalyzes the transfer from UDP-galactose to either endogeneous glycoproteins, free N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylglucosaminyl residues in the carbohydrate portion of glycoproteins, or to glucose when alpha-lactalbumin is added, occurs in human milk fat globule membranes. Various treatments (washing of membranes, freezing and thawing) did not affect this activity. In the presence of Triton X-100, the enzyme shows appreciable latency, This detergent was then used to solubilize the enzyme and to study its main characteristics. A competition and a heat stability experiment show that only one enzyme acts on two substrates (free N-acetylglucosamine or desialyzed and degalactosylated fetuin). UDP-galactose hydrolase activities were very low compared to those of the bovine milk fat globule membranes. Other characteristic enzymes of Golgi vesicles were found in human milk fat globules membranes. It is of interest to find out whether this is the result of contamination with cytoplasmic particles or whether it reflects the participation of Golgi vesicles in human milk fat globule secretion.