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(Ga,Ge)-Analogue of Tourmaline: Crystal Structure and Composition

Authors
  • Pushcharovsky, D. Yu.1
  • Zubkova, N. V.1
  • Setkova, T. V.2
  • Balitskii, V. S.2
  • Nekrasov, A. N.2
  • Nesterova, V. A.1
  • 1 Geology Department, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
  • 2 Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow oblast, 142432, Russia , Chernogolovka (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Crystallography Reports
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Nov 20, 2020
Volume
65
Issue
6
Pages
849–856
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S1063774520060279
Source
Springer Nature
License
Yellow

Abstract

AbstractCrystals of a (Ga,Ge)-analogue of tourmaline have been synthesized by hydrothermal method in the temperature range of 600–650°C under a pressure of 100 MPa. The composition is analyzed, and the structure of single crystals is determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The rhombohedral-cell parameters are found to be a = 16.0102(4) Å, c = 7.18423(19) Å, sp. gr. R3m, and Z = 3. The distribution of cations over nonequivalent sites in the structure under study is determined to be as follows: Na0.57(Al1.20Ga1.20\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\text{Fe}}_{{0.60}}^{{2 + }}$$\end{document})(Al4.728\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\text{Fe}}_{{1.20}}^{{2 + }}$$\end{document}Ti0.072)((Si4.80Ge0.78Al0.42)O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(O0.42ОН0.58). The results obtained confirm possibility for obtaining Ge-substituted crystals with tourmaline structure, which (by analogy with the Ge-analogue of quartz) exhibit high piezo- and pyroelectric properties.

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