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Further development of an electroosmotic medium pump system for preparative disk gel electrophoresis.

Authors
  • Hayakawa, Mitsuo
  • Hosogi, Yumiko
  • Takiguchi, Hisashi
  • Shiroza, Teruaki
  • Shibata, Yasuko
  • Hiratsuka, Koichi
  • Kiyama-Kishikawa, Michiko
  • Hamajima, Susumu
  • Abiko, Yoshimitsu
Type
Published Article
Journal
Analytical biochemistry
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2003
Volume
313
Issue
1
Pages
60–67
Identifiers
PMID: 12576059
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A simple and practical 6.8-cm-diameter (36.30-cm(2) cross-sectional-area) preparative disk gel electrophoresis device, based on the design of M. Hayakawa et al. (Anal. Biochem. 288 (2001) 168), in which the elution buffer is driven by an electroosmotic buffer flow through the membrane into the elution chamber from the anode chamber was constructed. We have found that the dialysis membranes employed provide suitable flow rates for the elution buffer, similar to those of an earlier 3.6-cm-diameter device, resulting in the prevention of excess eluate dilution. The efficiency of this device was demonstrated by the fractionation of a bovine serum albumin (BSA) Cohn V fraction into monomer, dimer, and oligomer components using nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (native-PAGE). The maximum protein concentration of the eluate achieved was 133 mg/ml of BSA monomer, which required a dilution of the eluate for subsequent analytical PAGE performance. As a practical example, the two-dimensional fractionation of soluble dipeptidyl peptidase IV (sDPP IV) from 50 ml fetal bovine serum (3.20 g protein) per gel is presented. The sDPP IV enzyme protein was recovered in a relatively short time, utilizing a 6.5% T native-PAGE and subsequential sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE system. This device enhances the possibility of continuous electrophoretic fractionation of complex protein mixtures on a preparative scale.

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