Systemic sclerosis a chronic, fibrotic disorder associated with high disease-specific mortality and morbidity. Cutaneous manifestations include dermal thickening and obliteration of dermal adipose tissue. Accumulation of low-molecular-weight hyaluronan, which signals through the receptor for hyaluronan-mediated motility, RHAMM, leads to progressive fibrosis and is correlated with increased severity of systemic sclerosis. The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of two function-blocking RHAMM peptides, NPI-110 and NPI-106, in reducing skin fibrosis in a bleomycin-induced mouse model of systemic sclerosis. NPI-110 reduced visible measures of fibrosis (dermal thickness and collagen production, deposition, and organization) and profibrotic gene expression (Tgfb1, c-Myc, Col1a1, Col3a1). NPI-110 treatment also increased the expression of the antifibrotic adipokines perilipin and adiponectin. Both RHAMM peptides strongly reduced dermal RHAMM expression, predicting that dermal fibroblasts are peptide targets. Transcriptome and cell culture analyses using Rhamm-/- and Rhamm-rescued dermal fibroblasts reveal a TGFβ1/RHAMM/MYC signaling axis that promotes fibrogenic gene expression and myofibroblast differentiation. RHAMM function‒blocking peptides suppress this signaling and prevent TGFβ1-induced myofibroblast differentiation. These results suggest that inhibiting RHAMM signaling will offer a treatment method for cutaneous fibrosis in systemic sclerosis. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.