Middle-T antigen of mouse polyomavirus (MomT) associates with the cellular tyrosine kinases c-Src, c-Yes, and Fyn, while middle-T antigen of hamster polyomavirus (HamT) exclusively binds Fyn. This interaction is essential for polyomavirus-mediated transformation of cells in culture and tumor formation in animals. Here we show that the kinase domain of Fyn is sufficient for association with MomT but not for binding of HamT. We further demonstrate that a Fyn mutant lacking the SH2 domain is able to bind MomT but fails to associate with HamT, indicating that the SH2 domain of Fyn is essential for stable association with HamT. HamT, but not MomT, contains a tyrosine residue, Tyr-324, in the sequence context YEEI. Mutation of Tyr-324 to phenylalanine led to a drastic reduction of associated Fyn and abolished the oncogenicity of HamT. This suggests that Tyr-324 is the major phosphotyrosine residue mediating the binding of HamT to the SH2 domain of Fyn. These findings show that mouse and hamster polyomaviruses use different strategies to target Src-related tyrosine kinases.