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Functional genomics of Phytophthora infestans effectors and Solanum resistance genes

Authors
  • Champouret, N.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2010
Source
Wageningen University and Researchcenter Publications
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is nowadays the most important non-cereal food crop in the world. It is prone to huge annual losses due to late blight, the disease caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans. Modern management of late blight necessitates the use of multiple resistance (R) genes, which requires efficient pipelines for identification, isolation and characterization of R genes. This thesis employs effectoromics, i.e. the use of effectors (pathogenic secreted protein) to probe corresponding R gene(s) in a host plant and sort out their functional redundancy and specificity. Using cytoplasmic RXLR effectors of P. infestans to probe resistant Solanum germplasm for late blight R genes, we were able to: (i) assess the biodiversity of Avr-blb1, characterize the genomic structure of virulent P. infestans isolates on Rpi-blb1 plants and thus provide a technical solution for long-term disease management; (ii) identify the centre of origin of R3a, characterize R3a gene homologues and a functional R gene (Rpi-sto2), and (iii) uncover the potential co-evolution at both R and Avr side for the R2/PiAvr2-PexRD11 interactions, providing more diversity and specificity of R2 homologues, which may be valuable for potato breeding

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