Analysis of the functional nature of mutations can be based on their manifestation in organisms with a deletion or a duplication of a particular chromosome segment. With the use of reciprocal translocation T(16;17)43H it is feasible to produce mice with tertiary trisomy for proximal region of chromosome 17. The mutations on chromosome 17 we tested included brachyury (T), hairpin tail (Thp), kinky (Fuki), quaking (qk), tufted (tf), as well as tct (t-complex tail interaction) and tcl (t complex lethal), that are specific for t haplotypes. The set of dominant and recessive mutations was assigned to two groups, one obligatory manifesting itself in the phenotype independently of the number of normal alleles in di- and trisomics, and the other facultative, phenotypically manifesting itself, depending upon the dosage of mutant alleles. A model was derived from analysis of the interaction of the T and Thp mutations with t haplotypes which is to explain the morphogenetic effects of the mutations observed in mice of different genotypes. The tir gene is postulated to reside on chromosome 17 within its framework. It is suggested that the gene dosage ratio at the tir and tct loci determines tail length.