We investigate a frustrated Ising spin system on the garnet lattice composed of a specific network of corner-sharing triangles. By means of Monte Carlo simulations with the heat bath algorithm, we discuss the magnetic properties at finite temperatures. It is shown that the garnet spin system with the nearest-neighbor couplings does not exhibit any magnetic transitions, yielding the large residual entropy at zero temperature. We also investigate the effect of the long-range dipolar interaction systematically to determine the phase diagram of the Ising model on the garnet lattice. We find that there appear a variety of distinct phases depending on the cutoff length of the long-range interaction, in contrast to the pyrochlore spin-ice systems.